Category: Technology

 

My Oldest Searchable Internet Post

NCSA Mosaic

I came online via dialup BBS (300 baud modem) around 1985-86, then email around 1993 with my employer at that time (Micronics Computers Inc). But I truly became an Internet web surfer on WWW in 1994, first using dialup (9600 kpbs) via Linux shell (Pine text browser) and then eventually via Graphical UI Mosiac and then Netscape (SLIP/PPP, 14.4kbs~56kbps dial up). Switched to ISDN (digital dial up, 128kbps) in 1998 and was hooked downloading MP3 music in 1999-2000 (Napster!). Then upgraded to DSL (384Kkbps) when we moved to Tracy in 2001.

Below is the oldest internet post I can find of myself. Dated April 14, 1995. This is the actual call for discussion and votes that was posted in Usenet for the creation of the group rec.music.filipino. It was eventually created and became a hangout for Filipinos to discuss Philippine music. I can still recognize many of the names who voted, if you are on this list and happen to come and see this post, please be sure to say hello by leaving a comment :)

(Update) I have since discovered an older post dated March 17, 1995 replying to a post regarding expiring Green Cards:

PNNS NEWS: Pre-1979 Green Cards To Expire March 20

In article <[email protected]>, JSh…@ix.netcom.com says…
– show quoted text –

The deadline has been extended for another year…


. .
—————–oOO-(__)-OOo——————————–
____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|
__|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|__
____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|
[email protected] Jose, CA–SILICON VALLEY
//”The only regrets you’ll ever have when you’re
gray and old are the risks you never took”//

===========================

From [email protected] Fri Apr 14 17:41:35 1995
Path: uunet!bounce-back
From: [email protected] (Benjamin Totanes)
Newsgroups: news.announce.newgroups,news.groups,soc.culture.filipino,rec.music.misc,alt.music.world
Subject: RFD: rec.music.filipino
Followup-To: news.groups
Date: 11 Apr 1995 18:06:19 -0400
Organization: NetGate Communicaitons
Lines: 83
Sender: [email protected]
Approved: [email protected]
Message-ID: <[email protected]>
NNTP-Posting-Host: rodan.uu.net
Xref: gs2.UU.NET news.announce.newgroups:6590 news.groups:144334 soc.culture.filipino:48761 rec.music.misc:176959 alt.music.world:5194

REQUEST FOR DISCUSSION
———————-
This is a formal Request for Discussion. Please distribute it on all
platforms that might be interested. This is not a call for votes–do not
try to vote now. This RFD is being posted in compliance with the guidelines set
in the “How to create a new Usenet Newsgroup” FAQ regularly
posted to news.announce.newgroups. Please refer to this article
if you have any questions about the Newsgroup creation.

You are strongly encouraged to participate in the *discussion* about the
possible creation of the newsgroup “rec.music.filipino”, in the
sole newsgroup intended especially for this purpose: news.groups. All
follow-ups have been directed to news.groups. Please stick to this Usenet
convention and post your contributions to our discussion in that newsgroup.
Please do not post or cross-post your discussion contributions to other
newsgroups.

Proposed Group: rec.music.filipino
Alternative names: soc.culture.filipino.music
Status: unmoderated
Distribution: world-wide
Proposer: Benjamin Totanes <[email protected]>

Proposed Newsgroup line:
rec.music.filipino All types and forms of Filipino music.

CHARTER
——-
rec.music.filipino will be an unmoderated discussion group on all
aspects of music originating from the Philippines. This can include,
but is not limited to, Opera, Kundimans/Haranas, Pop, RAP, New Wave,
Liturgical and any form: Instrumental, Vocal/Choral, etc. Exchange of
non-copyrighted materials will be encouraged including lyrics sheets,
guitar chords and piano music sheets.

The intended audience for this proposed group would be wide ranging,
>from beginning students, to those studying in College or University,
to professionals involved in teaching, performance, and the persons
simply interested in knowing more about the richness of this
culture. Because of this diversity, this group has the potential to be
enormously useful, as experts can post opinions and comments on
addressing particular situations encountered by others.

If the group is successfully created after a positive vote, details
will be sent to various Music Colleges and Organizations in the
Philippines including the University of the Philippines College of
Music.

RATIONALE
———

Filipinos are mostly musically inclined. They also easily adapt many
types of music to give it a Filipino “flavor”. The time has come to
gather all the talents and share this with the world.

PROCEDURE
———

Please post any responses to this message to only to the Usenet
Newsgroup “news.groups.” If you use the followup feature on your
newsreader, this should happen automatically. ALL discussion about
the merits of this proposal should appear on news.groups.

Unless the discussion indicates a need to resubmit a new RFD, a call
for votes (CFV) will be posted approximately four weeks after the
posting of this RFD. Please do not post any votes now. When the CFV
is posted, instructions will be given on how to mail your votes to the
independent vote counter.

DISTRIBUTION
————

This RFD was (cross)-posted to the following Newsgroups:

news.announce.newgroups, news.groups, soc.culture.filipino,
rec.music.misc, alt.music.world

When Call For Votes (CFV) is issued, it will also be cross-posted in these
groups.

[email protected] Jose, CA–SILICON VALLEY

From [email protected] Tue Jun 6 00:07:16 1995
Status: RO
Path: uunet!bounce-back
From: [email protected] (Michael Handler)
Newsgroups: news.announce.newgroups,news.groups,soc.culture.filipino,rec.music.misc,alt.music.world,alt.fan.lea-salonga
Subject: CFV: rec.music.filipino
Followup-To: poster
Date: 30 May 1995 23:22:36 -0400
Organization: Usenet Volunteer Votetakers
Lines: 127
Sender: [email protected]
Approved: [email protected]
Expires: 22 Jun 1995 00:00:00 GMT
Message-ID: <[email protected]>
References: <[email protected]>
Reply-To: [email protected] (Michael Handler Voting Alias)
NNTP-Posting-Host: rodan.uu.net
Xref: gs2.UU.NET news.announce.newgroups:6954 news.groups:151832 soc.culture.filipino:54200 rec.music.misc:180428 alt.music.world:5971 alt.fan.lea-salonga:288

FIRST CALL FOR VOTES (of 2)
unmoderated group rec.music.filipino

Newsgroups line:
rec.music.filipino All types and forms of Filipino music.

Votes must be received by 23:59:59 UTC, 21 June 1995.

This vote is being conducted by a neutral third party. For voting
questions only contact Michael Handler <[email protected]>. For questions
about the proposed group contact Ben Totanes <[email protected]>

RATIONALE

Filipinos are mostly musically inclined. They also easily adapt many
types of music to give it a Filipino “flavor”. During the discussion period,
many expressed sincere support and agreed that such a newsgroup would
enhance/complement other existing newsgroups such as soc.culture.filipino
and alt.fan.lea-salonga.

CHARTER

rec.music.filipino will be an unmoderated discussion group on all
aspects of music originating from the Philippines. This can include,
but is not limited to, Opera, Kundimans/Haranas, Pop, RAP, New Wave,
Liturgical and any form: Instrumental, Vocal/Choral, etc. Exchange of
non-copyrighted materials will be encouraged including lyrics sheets,
guitar chords and piano music sheets.

The intended audience for this proposed group would be wide ranging,
>from beginning students, to those studying in College or University,
to professionals involved in teaching, performance, and the persons
simply interested in knowing more about the richness of this
culture. Because of this diversity, this group has the potential to be
enormously useful, as experts can post opinions and comments on
addressing particular situations encountered by others.

If the group is successfully created after a positive vote, details
will be sent to various Music Colleges and Organizations in the
Philippines including the University of the Philippines College of
Music.

DISTRIBUTION

This Call For Votes (CFV) has been crossposted to the following newsgroups:

news.announce.newgroups, news.groups, soc.culture.filipino,
rec.music.misc, alt.music.world

This Call For Votes (CFV) has also been crossposted to the following
newsgroups. Please note that the Request For Discussion (RFD) was *not*
crossposted to this group:

alt.fan.lea-salonga

HOW TO VOTE

One vote counted per person, no more than one per account. Attempts at
ballot box stuffing or vote fraud will not be treated lightly.

**************************************************************************
*** IMPORTANT: _Addresses_ and _votes_ of all voters will be published ***
*** in the final voting results list. UVV voting on Usenet is not done ***
*** by secret ballot. If you don’t like this, don’t vote. ***
**************************************************************************

Send email to: <[email protected]>
Just replying should work if you are not reading this on a mailing list.

Your mail message should contain ONE (and only ONE) of the following
statements:

I vote YES on rec.music.filipino
I vote NO on rec.music.filipino
I vote ABSTAIN on rec.music.filipino
I CANCEL my vote on rec.music.filipino

If you vote ABSTAIN, your vote will be registered and will be shown in
the final results posting, but it will not affect the outcome of the vote.
It is intended as a form of symbolic protest, nothing more.

If you CANCEL your vote, all records of your vote will be purged from the
active results file, and your name and address will not be listed in the
final results posting.

ABSTAIN and CANCEL are nearly the same thing — the only difference is,
with ABSTAIN, your name and address are still listed in the final listing.

If you later change your mind you may vote again. Only your last valid
vote will count and will be published in the final results posting.

Anything else may be rejected by the automatic vote counting program. The
votetaker will respond to your received ballots with a personal
acknowledgement by mail — if you do not receive one within several days,
try again. It’s your responsibility to make sure your vote is registered
correctly.

After the final results are posted to , there
will then be a five-day period during which the published vote list may be
corrected and any irregularities addressed.

OFFICIAL SOURCES OF THE CFV

The only official sources of this CFV are:
* The copy which was crossposted to
* Any copies which were sent to mailing lists by the votetaker (and *only*
the votetaker)
* One received from the votetaker’s automated mailserver

To obtain a copy of the CFV from the votetaker’s mailserver:
* Send email to <[email protected]> with

Subject: send filipino cfv

This is an automated function, so it does not matter what
your message body contains, as long as the Subject: line is exactly as
described above.

IMPORTANT: If you give anyone copies of the CFV, the copies must be whole
and unmodified. Distributing pre-filled in ballots or modified copies of
this CFV is considered voting fraud. If this occurs on a large scale or
causes voting problems or irregularities, the vote may be canceled.

When in doubt, ask the votetaker.

Michael Handler <[email protected]> Usenet Volunteer Votetakers (UVV)
Usenet Volunteer Votetakers WWW page: <URL:http://www.amdahl.com/ext/uvv>

From [email protected] Tue Jun 13 21:43:41 1995
Status: RO
Path: uunet!bounce-back
From: [email protected] (Michael Handler)
Newsgroups: news.announce.newgroups,news.groups,soc.culture.filipino,rec.music.misc,alt.music.world,alt.fan.lea-salonga
Subject: 2nd CFV: rec.music.filipino
Supersedes: <[email protected]>
Followup-To: poster
Date: 13 Jun 1995 21:23:18 -0400
Organization: Usenet Volunteer Votetakers
Lines: 141
Sender: [email protected]
Approved: [email protected]
Expires: 22 Jun 1995 00:00:00 GMT
Message-ID: <[email protected]>
References: <[email protected]> <[email protected]>
Reply-To: [email protected] (Michael Handler Voting Alias)
NNTP-Posting-Host: rodan.uu.net
Xref: gs2.UU.NET news.announce.newgroups:7054 news.groups:153681 soc.culture.filipino:55713 rec.music.misc:181374 alt.music.world:6196 alt.fan.lea-salonga:343

LAST CALL FOR VOTES (of 2)
unmoderated group rec.music.filipino

Newsgroups line:
rec.music.filipino All types and forms of Filipino music.

Votes must be received by 23:59:59 UTC, 21 June 1995.

***************************************************************************
*** NOTE: This is the second CFV of two. If you have already voted and ***
*** received an acknowledgement of your vote in email from the ***
*** votetaker, you *DO* *NOT* need to vote again. If you have any ***
*** questions, ask the votetaker, Michael Handler <[email protected]> ***
***************************************************************************

This vote is being conducted by a neutral third party. For voting
questions only contact Michael Handler <[email protected]>. For questions
about the proposed group contact Ben Totanes <[email protected]>

RATIONALE

Filipinos are mostly musically inclined. They also easily adapt many
types of music to give it a Filipino “flavor”. During the discussion period,
many expressed sincere support and agreed that such a newsgroup would
enhance/complement other existing newsgroups such as soc.culture.filipino
and alt.fan.lea-salonga.

CHARTER

rec.music.filipino will be an unmoderated discussion group on all
aspects of music originating from the Philippines. This can include,
but is not limited to, Opera, Kundimans/Haranas, Pop, RAP, New Wave,
Liturgical and any form: Instrumental, Vocal/Choral, etc. Exchange of
non-copyrighted materials will be encouraged including lyrics sheets,
guitar chords and piano music sheets.

The intended audience for this proposed group would be wide ranging,
>from beginning students, to those studying in College or University,
to professionals involved in teaching, performance, and the persons
simply interested in knowing more about the richness of this
culture. Because of this diversity, this group has the potential to be
enormously useful, as experts can post opinions and comments on
addressing particular situations encountered by others.

If the group is successfully created after a positive vote, details
will be sent to various Music Colleges and Organizations in the
Philippines including the University of the Philippines College of
Music.

DISTRIBUTION

This Call For Votes (CFV) has been crossposted to the following newsgroups:

news.announce.newgroups, news.groups, soc.culture.filipino,
rec.music.misc, alt.music.world

This Call For Votes (CFV) has also been crossposted to the following
newsgroups. Please note that the Request For Discussion (RFD) was *not*
crossposted to this group:

alt.fan.lea-salonga

HOW TO VOTE

One vote counted per person, no more than one per account. Attempts at
ballot box stuffing or vote fraud will not be treated lightly.

**************************************************************************
*** IMPORTANT: _Addresses_ and _votes_ of all voters will be published ***
*** in the final voting results list. UVV voting on Usenet is not done ***
*** by secret ballot. If you don’t like this, don’t vote. ***
**************************************************************************

Send email to: <[email protected]>
Just replying should work if you are not reading this on a mailing list.

Your mail message should contain ONE (and only ONE) of the following
statements:

I vote YES on rec.music.filipino
I vote NO on rec.music.filipino
I vote ABSTAIN on rec.music.filipino
I CANCEL my vote on rec.music.filipino

If you vote ABSTAIN, your vote will be registered and will be shown in
the final results posting, but it will not affect the outcome of the vote.
It is intended as a form of symbolic protest, nothing more.

If you CANCEL your vote, all records of your vote will be purged from the
active results file, and your name and address will not be listed in the
final results posting.

ABSTAIN and CANCEL are nearly the same thing — the only difference is,
with ABSTAIN, your name and address are still listed in the final listing.

If you later change your mind you may vote again. Only your last valid
vote will count and will be published in the final results posting.

Anything else may be rejected by the automatic vote counting program. The
votetaker will respond to your received ballots with a personal
acknowledgement by mail — if you do not receive one within several days,
try again. It’s your responsibility to make sure your vote is registered
correctly.

After the final results are posted to , there
will then be a five-day period during which the published vote list may be
corrected and any irregularities addressed.

OFFICIAL SOURCES OF THE CFV

The only official sources of this CFV are:
* The copy which was crossposted to
* Any copies which were sent to mailing lists by the votetaker (and *only*
the votetaker)
* One received from the votetaker’s automated mailserver

To obtain a copy of the CFV from the votetaker’s mailserver:
* Send email to <[email protected]> with

Subject: send filipino cfv

This is an automated function, so it does not matter what
your message body contains, as long as the Subject: line is exactly as
described above.

IMPORTANT: If you give anyone copies of the CFV, the copies must be whole
and unmodified. Distributing pre-filled in ballots or modified copies of
this CFV is considered voting fraud. If this occurs on a large scale or
causes voting problems or irregularities, the vote may be canceled.

When in doubt, ask the votetaker.

rec.music.filipino Bounce List – No need to revote
——————————————————————————
[email protected] Maria T Ocampo
[email protected] Pebbles Salazar
[email protected] Rey Santos
[email protected] Raymund Fajardo

Michael Handler <[email protected]> Usenet Volunteer Votetakers (UVV)
Usenet Volunteer Votetakers WWW page: <URL:http://www.amdahl.com/ext/uvv>

From [email protected] Wed Jul 12 10:43:33 1995
Status: RO
Path: uunet!in1.uu.net!bounce-back
From: [email protected] (Michael Handler)
Newsgroups: news.announce.newgroups,news.groups,soc.culture.filipino,rec.music.misc,alt.music.world,alt.fan.lea-salonga
Subject: RESULT: rec.music.filipino passes 172:28
Followup-To: news.groups
Date: 11 Jul 1995 19:01:40 -0400
Organization: Usenet Volunteer Votetakers
Lines: 278
Sender: [email protected]
Approved: [email protected]
Message-ID: <[email protected]>
NNTP-Posting-Host: rodan.uu.net
Xref: gs2.UU.NET news.announce.newgroups:7122 news.groups:158843 soc.culture.filipino:58713 rec.music.misc:183261 alt.music.world:6689 alt.fan.lea-salonga:405

RESULT
unmoderated group rec.music.filipino passes 172:28

There were 172 YES votes and 28 NO votes, for a total of 200 valid votes.
There were 4 abstains and 2 invalid ballots.

For group passage, YES votes must be at least 2/3 of all valid (YES and NO)
votes. There also must be at least 100 more YES votes than NO votes.

There is a five day discussion period after these results are posted. If no
serious allegations of voting irregularities are raised, the moderator of
news.announce.newgroups will create the group shortly thereafter.

rec.music.filipino passed on Thu Jun 8 00:10:30 1995

Newsgroups line:
rec.music.filipino All types and forms of Filipino music.

Voting closed at 23:59:59 UTC, 21 June 1995.

CHARTER

rec.music.filipino will be an unmoderated discussion group on all
aspects of music originating from the Philippines. This can include,
but is not limited to, Opera, Kundimans/Haranas, Pop, RAP, New Wave,
Liturgical and any form: Instrumental, Vocal/Choral, etc. Exchange of
non-copyrighted materials will be encouraged including lyrics sheets,
guitar chords and piano music sheets.

The intended audience for this proposed group would be wide ranging,
>from beginning students, to those studying in College or University,
to professionals involved in teaching, performance, and the persons
simply interested in knowing more about the richness of this
culture. Because of this diversity, this group has the potential to be
enormously useful, as experts can post opinions and comments on
addressing particular situations encountered by others.

If the group is successfully created after a positive vote, details
will be sent to various Music Colleges and Organizations in the
Philippines including the University of the Philippines College of
Music.

***************************************************************************
*** The following results posting is Copyright 1995 Michael Handler and ***
*** Sub Rosa Software, Inc. Usage of the following list or any part ***
*** thereof as a mass mailing list or for any other purpose without the ***
*** express written consent of the votetaker is strictly prohibited, ***
*** and may be enforced by law. ***
***************************************************************************
(In other words, don’t use these email addresses as an advertising mailing
list or to send them all surveys asking them why they voted the way they
did. You’re only going to get people pissed off at you.)

rec.music.filipino Final Vote Ack

Voted Yes
——————————————————————————
[email protected] MABINI M. CASTRO
[email protected] Miguel A.L.V. Paraz
[email protected] Alex Vizconde Dorupa
[email protected] Filipino Community Computing Sector
[email protected] Michelle Calderon
[email protected] Jose L. Acosta
[email protected] Albert Santa Romana
[email protected] Aimee Manosa
[email protected] Archie Medrano
[email protected] Anna S. Ocampo
[email protected] Ramon C. Canumay
[email protected] Melissa P. Aluquin
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected] Amparito Clapano
[email protected] Vic Boss Paredes Jr.
[email protected] M. Dawn Banks (813) 253-7616
[email protected] BEN GODFREY
[email protected] Douglas P. Shannon
[email protected] Bobby Factura
[email protected] Ben Totanes
[email protected]
[email protected] Odie Calima
[email protected] Pinoy Tv!
[email protected] Paul Castro
[email protected]
[email protected] Celvin V Samson
[email protected] Chuck Gardner
[email protected] Joey Santos
[email protected] Christoph Epping (CIP 88)
[email protected]
[email protected] Mel Cruz
[email protected] Theresa Ocampo
[email protected] Samuel P. Mallare
[email protected]
[email protected] Daniel S. Lewart
[email protected] Daisy Aya Asuncion 372-2216
[email protected] David Anderson
[email protected] Donato S. de la Cruz
[email protected] Kristine M. Ocampo
[email protected] Eric Manguiat
[email protected] Cepe, Emmanuel
[email protected]
[email protected] Seb Koh
[email protected] Cynthia Endriga
[email protected] MISS MARIACHERYL G DOMINGO
[email protected] Eric Liwanag
[email protected] E Tan
[email protected] Ed Udani
[email protected] Eugene Poral
EW::MRGATE::\”A1::FIDLER.DICK\””@ewir-wr.robins.af.mil
[email protected] Oredroc
[email protected] Bernard B Floresca 708 979 2080
[email protected] Paul Fontelo
[email protected] Franklyn Bandolon
[email protected] Eric/Genny
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected] Glenn D. Aguilar
[email protected] George Son Keng Po
[email protected] Gabe G. Guevarra
[email protected] Aykol
[email protected] Hannah Pia Baral
[email protected] Joey Fuentes/5146
[email protected] heidi
[email protected] RemoteIP
[email protected] James Gryga
[email protected] Alicia Jandoc
[email protected] jessie
[email protected] Juan Belisario
[email protected] JADE CADELINA
[email protected] J.M.Cruz
[email protected]
[email protected] j.figueroa-student-ele-acacia-95058588
[email protected]
[email protected] John E Wynn
[email protected] John Oliver Sy Tanbonliong
[email protected] Jonboy
[email protected] Jorge Pastor
[email protected] Josefina Tuason
[email protected] JOSEPH DEAN PINGOL
[email protected] Jim Ayson
[email protected] Jorge C. Satorre III
[email protected] John S. Jacob
[email protected] Joey Tuason Jr.
[email protected] Justine Leon Uro
[email protected]
[email protected] Larry Roa
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected] Hermelito Go
[email protected] Justin C Lloyd
[email protected]
[email protected] REY MAGNO
[email protected] Dario B. Magpantay
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected] ZGR81
[email protected] Remel V. Mendoza
[email protected] Meg Mendoza
[email protected] Melecio Estoque
[email protected] Marissa B. Harding
michael.m[email protected] Michael Merillana
[email protected] Timothy Kelly
[email protected] Mihali Felipe
[email protected] Maria T Ocampo
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected] Whats Up Doc?
[email protected] Mylene Manongdo
[email protected] Nick Cabison
[email protected] Nigel Allen
[email protected] Nestor C. Buenaflor
[email protected] Nick Ingegneri
[email protected] nina rojas
[email protected] Oliver
[email protected] Ordonio Riza S
[email protected]
[email protected] Jose N Loyola
[email protected] Paul Schmidt
[email protected] JOSELITO M CRUZ
[email protected] MR J M CRUZ
[email protected] S MILLER
[email protected] Pietro Reyes
[email protected] Brian O’Donnell
[email protected] Pebbles Salazar
[email protected] ==quizon==
[email protected] Rey Santos
[email protected]
[email protected] Raymund Zapanta
[email protected] Rodrigo A. Dar
[email protected]
[email protected] Raymund Fajardo
[email protected] Roderick Que
[email protected] Robert Martin A. leyba
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected] Richard P. Lozada
[email protected] Rebecca San Agustin
[email protected]
[email protected] Timothy Joseph Harvey
[email protected]
[email protected] Melody C. DeGuzman
[email protected] jowell sabino
[email protected] Sarah Jane M Po
[email protected] Salvador SABANAL
[email protected] Steven E. Asercion
[email protected] Ted C. Gonzalez
[email protected] Karen Go
[email protected] Scott W. Morrical
[email protected] Tim Taylor
[email protected] Coralie J. Allen
[email protected] John R. Tegtmeier
[email protected] Tomomi Itakura
[email protected] Tony Castillo
[email protected]
[email protected] Thomas E Smith
[email protected] Denz J.Demiar
[email protected] Lyrka Sikat
[email protected] Dennis Allen Carr
[email protected] victoria manankil
[email protected] Virginia Evano-Williams
[email protected] Celeste Ward
[email protected] Warren G. Custodio
[email protected]
[email protected] Walter Schneider
[email protected] Wilfredo G. Tabada (\”WILL THE THRILL\”)
[email protected] none
[email protected] DR CEFERINO F BAGUE
[email protected] MR NESTOR ENRIQUEZ
[email protected] Sonny Dionida

Voted No
——————————————————————————
[email protected] Karl Krech
[email protected] Christian Much
[email protected] Chris Stamper
[email protected] David W. Crawford
[email protected] Christopher Ward
[email protected] Ryan
[email protected] Eric Garbos
[email protected] Francis A Uy
[email protected] Gordon Engel
[email protected] Hasnain Khan
[email protected] Kim DeVaughn
[email protected] Lance K. Chun
[email protected] Lech Mazur
[email protected] David Maurice
[email protected] Patrick J. LoPresti
[email protected] Pierre Uszynski
[email protected] Paul Klose
[email protected] Andrew Raphael
[email protected] Ryan Waldron
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Michael Handler <[email protected]> Usenet Volunteer Votetakers (UVV)
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NCSA Mosaic

NCSA Mosaic is the first Graphical User Interface for the World-Wide Web, NOT Netscape.  In fact, Netscape was based on Mosaic.  I think I still have a copy of this on a floppy disk somewhere :)

What Exactly is an LED Television?

by B Totanes

Lately, there have been a lot of advertisements hyping about LED televisions. What exactly is an LED television and how can it benefit you, the consumer?

First of all, let me get a few terms defined, so you can understand the big picture:

Different layers of an LCD panel display.

LCD – this stands for “Liquid Crystal Display”. This simply means what it says. It is a display that uses liquid crystals sandwiched in between two glass panels and electrodes. The electrodes within these panels activate the liquid crystals and make the crystals dark, light or produce colors from the RGB spectrum, thus creating images depending on how the electricity is passed through them.

An LED lamp and its basic components (Image Credit: Howstuffworks.com)



LED – “Light Emitting Diode” is an electronic component that produces light. This device, a Diode, is a semiconductor device that allows electricity only to pass on one direction. LEDs have been around since 1962, and were very commonly used as indicatorlamps on switches. Today, LEDs can be much brighter and some of its applications are as light sources for flashlights, traffic lights, automobile tail lights and others. They normally last many times longer than regular incandescent bulbs. Often, the device it is installed on becomes obsolete and discarded way ahead of the LED lamp’s useful life. In ultra-large displays, thousands of Red, Green and Blue (RGB) LED lamps are placed on arrays in a huge panel and are controlled by a computer to produce TV-like images. These panels are what you see in big stadiums and ultra-large displays in Las Vegas, for example.

A vintage Altair PC using LED lamps

So, what is an “LED Television”?

Basically, the name “LED television” is a misnomer. It is really a combination of LCD and LED technology. In a traditional LCD television, the LCD panel that produce the images is back-lit by cold-cathode flourescent lamp (CCFL), similar to those white flourescent lamps in our homes. LCD panels by themselves will produce images, but you will barely see the picture as it requires some form of backlight. The floursecent lamp is placed on the back of the LCD panel to reveal the picture.

In an LED Television, the same LCD panel is used, but the cold cathode fourescent lamp (CCFL) is replaced by bright LED lamps. LED lamps are either placed directly behind the LCD panel or lined just behind the outer edge of the display (Edge-LED). So basically, the correct term should be “LED-backlit LCD Television”. However, Samsung, who invented LED-backlit LCD TVs, conveniently dropped “LCD” and started calling their LED-backlit LCD Televisions,simply “LED Televisions”. And so, the confusion started.

Some more expensive implementation of LED-backlighting involves putting Red, Green, and Blue (RGB-LED) LEDs directly behind the LCD panel and then dynamically controlled depending on what is being viewed on the screen. This makes for even brighter colors and deeper contrasts.

RGB LED Array (Image Credit: cNet Australia)

What are the benefits of LED-backlit LCD versus LCD Televisions? LED-backit LCD TVs differ from conventional CCFL-backlit LCD TVs in the following:

* LED-backlit LCD TVs produce images with greater dynamic contrast.
* With Edge-LED lighting they can be extremely slim. Models on the market can be approximately one inch thick.
* Offer a wider color gamut, especially when RGB-LED backlighting is used.
* Less environmental pollution on disposal.
* Generally 20-30% lower power consumption.

The Samsung Series 5000 LED TV

In a nutshell, LED-backlit LCD Televisions are fast becoming the preferred choice in televisions now-a-days. However, it is NOT the must-get feature if your budget does not allow the higher price. Do not disqualify traditional LCD televisions from your list. Chances are, you might just find a great deal out there.

Next: HDTV: 480p, 720p, 1080i, 1080p, what are the differences?